Arielismo is a term that refers to the speculative standard of the Hispanic American ideology. The term has its origin from the work of José Enrique Rodo entitled Ariel whose publication was in the year 1900. The work titled Ariel is a masterpiece that propagates a consolidative perspective of the Greco-Roman culture, the current perspectives of the late nineteenth century as well as the Judeo-Christian custom (Young et al.). The ideology has been utilized in establishing juxtaposition between a high-end intellectual endeavor and a high custom being on one side and on the opposite side having a direct approach to the problems the Latin Americans faced. The ideology has been termed by the critics who embrace a practical approach as an educational provocation and at the same time as a cultural epitome. However, the question that is yet unanswered is that of those who advocate for it not addressing the economic, social, and political necessitates of the people of Latin America (de Azúa &Carlos).
Economic basis for Fiscal Policy
Fiscal policy is designed to influence the prevailing tax rates and the spending of the consumers within the country. This is when the government legislates changes to the prevailing tax rates to stimulate economic activity. This is usually done by reducing taxes using tax cuts to stimulate consumption, expenditure, and investment (Modjtahedi, 2011)
Policy and Challenges
Two types of fiscal policy, i.e., expansionary fiscal policy and contractionary fiscal policy exist. Expansionary fiscal policy, which is designed to encourage economic growth, is the most commonly employed by governments. Owing to its nature, the expansionary fiscal policy is predominantly employed in recessions by reducing taxes or increasing government expenditure. Contractionary fiscal policy, which is designed to slow economic growth, is rarely used by governments. Owing to its nature, it is mainly employed to reduce inflation. Contractionary fiscal policies reduce government expenditure and increase taxes (Mankiw, 2014).
The labor force refers to the total number of eligible employees. It comprises of employed and unemployed individuals in a country. Labor force participation rate includes a segment of working population between the age of 16 to 64 years in the economy who are seeking employment or are already employed. It evaluates the community of working age in an economy. Individuals who are above the age of 64 years, homemakers or are still studying are excluded in the labor force (Gangl, 2009). Unemployment rate evaluates the prevalence of unemployment in a country. The level of unemployment is high during periods of recession. The three measures deal with employment level in a country.
The Federal Reserve Board (FRB) of the United States provides the nation with a safe, stable, yet flexible monetary and financial system. Therefore, the actions of the FRB should allow for changes to broad monetary policies for the implementation of the government’s fiscal policy (Pride, Hughes, & Kapoor, 2013a, p. 525). These actions include oversights and management of currency production and distribution, public sharing of statistical information, and promotion of employment and overall economic growth. All these measures affect the discount rate whose shifts change the building blocks of macroeconomics, such as consumer borrowing and spending.
Social media has become heavily used by the youth, adults, and businesses alike. Thus, it has become a prominent marketing tool for businesses all over the globe to expand their customer base. However, with this expansion a plethora of issues have arisen in terms of how businesses can maintain professionalism on social media and how owners can maintain an appropriate brand image for their company when using social media. Many companies, such as ZPalette which produces cosmetic eyeshadow holders, have made mistakes regarding their brand image on social media and how to maintain professional behavior. Social media has caused many ethical and unprofessional issues to arise; therefore, business owners need to understand the ramifications of their actions on their consumers and themselves.
Coco Chanel was born on 19/08/1883 as Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel at Saumur in France. She is portrayed as an amazing woman who redefined the fashion industry as depicted in the modern society. Chanel was a clothing stylist who transformed the fashion industry with her miniature black dresses, suits, and avant-garde sparkle. As a result of this, she became famous at her tender age and became elevated to the fashion icon that she assumes in the modern society (Wolf, 48). Based on the ageless designs that are still depicted as prevalent in these recent days, and the sophisticated wears that can be combined with enormous accessories, Chanel can be viewed as having achieved it all (Biography.com, 27). When an individual critically analyses the success of Chanel, it is right to say that her philosophy “luxury must be comfortable. Otherwise, it’s not luxury” had a significant impact on her success.
How the Justice System Affects Prison Overcrowding
Studies have indicated that the size of prison populations in the U.S. increased radically in the past four decades. The number increased by five times from around 320,000 in 1980 to more than 1.6 million in 2009 (Glaze and Bonczar, 2009). A study by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) of the period 2006-2011 observed that overcrowding in prisons increased over the period. The study highlighted that an increase in the number of prisoners corresponded with actions by a tendency by some states to cut their prison populations, lower rates of crime, and cut prison budgets. However, an increase in the population of prisoners still happened. The study further highlighted that, as of September 2011, federal prisons experience a 39 percent over capacity (Gilna, 2014). A clear consensus that emerges from these studies is that the growth is largely motivated by policy receptiveness instead of criminal behavior, although there is much less agreement regarding particular ways through which a range of sentencing policies passed in the 1980s and 1990s contributed to growth (Gilna, 2014; Glaze and Bonczar, 2009). The specificity with which how justice system policies and sentencing laws affect prison populations is an indicator that justice system policies and decisions may be affecting prison overcrowding. This paper discusses how the justice system affects prison overcrowding.