The Sheepish Behavior of Individuals

In an American social context, individualism is clearly praised as one of the highest of all social values. The American Dream itself is constructed on the notion that an individual, unfettered by anyone but him or herself, can achieve desires, the only limitation being personal weakness and failure to seize the opportunities provided by the country. In popular culture, individualism is portrayed as a way of becoming one’s unique and authentic person, branding oneself in a certain way and doing whatever one feels like, as some assertion of the unique “I” that is our true being. Individualism is thus a type of philosophy that immediately sets it against its opposite, some type of conformity, some type of community ultimately, to which the individual stands against. However, the careful reader will note that, perhaps above all in an American context, individualism is one of the most socially dominated and engineered terms we have. This is because this term itself is used to support a system that is both capitalistic and materialistic: it is a term that ultimately itself becomes part of a larger social context, as the individual, thinking individualism is what matters, really is a sheep perpetuating the greater social system at large, and, in particular a capitalist and consumerist ideology that always measures a society in terms of the “I.”

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TESOL – Teaching Language in Use: An Interview with David

TESOL – Teaching Language in Use: An Interview with David

Teaching a language in use can be a complex, multidimensional activity, which requires the instructor and the learners to juggle various tasks together with goals concurrently as they adapt to the immediate contexts. An effective teaching and learning of English language are attained when the instructor is cognizant of the appropriate characteristics of principles.  The appropriate application of these principles can aid teachers to create the favorable conditions, which support the learning of students and at the same time help in minimizing the need for revision materials, policies as well as content. Although the process of executing these principles also consumes much time and effort, it is in effect on energy and time in the long run. For instance, the generational and cultural backgrounds of the students largely influence how they perceive the world. In other words, the disciplinary backgrounds guide learners in approaching challenges in diverse ways; and their preliminary knowledge anchored on accurate with inaccurate aspects contribute in shaping new learning. Although teachers cannot satisfactorily measure all of the characteristics, collecting the vitally applicable facts in prompt course planning and enduring to do the same during the semester can help in informing course design, explaining student difficulties as well as guiding instructional adaptations such as the recognition of the necessity for extra practice. Effective teaching of language in use should be entrenched in such principles as language has a sound system, language is spoken in discourses, language has a social significance, learner attitudes largely affect motivation, fear of making mistakes largely inhibits one’s learning, and repetition assists the concept to be internalized. The use of these principles enhances the learners’ comprehension abilities and the manner in which the context shapes the use of language among the students. The essay demonstrates the students’ understanding of the importance of context in language teaching, and how context shapes the use of language. It also demonstrates how the pragmatic principles are or how they can be applied to the chosen material design regarding activity 2 of developing the listening skill.

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Deliverable #1: Project Proposal Summary and Project Plan


The online voting system aims in reducing the complexity and cost of the election process. Here the voter can vote in spite of his absence in the particular locality. The administrator’s effort is much reduced by checking the election status of all the localities individually forms a place and it is easy for him to announce the election result. The administrator is the soul controller of the online voting system in all process including refreshing the votes, editing the voter details, creating new nominee and so on. Thus the online voting system can reduce the cost and effort of election process.

Statement of Need

In this digital age, we are still dependent on old-style ballot voting. Despite the fact that people get used to practicing traditional method of the voting system i.e. ballot style. Some people can argue that this is the best way to contest an election. However, there are some countries such as Brazil, Canada, Estonia, Germany, India, Norway, Switzerland, Netherlands and United States who have decided to switch from a traditional method of voting to Internet voting. In Canada, not contesting a vote is illegal. The purpose of our project is to promote Internet voting and to show the benefits of this system. Many countries have faced the lack of proportional representation, and therefore, Internet voting would be a good starting point to increase voter participation and to achieve a fair election process. The key factor for the government is to deliver faster and fair results for their citizens. Our project will satisfy a majority of the people by giving them an opportunity to control their votes and to show how this system works. Off-line voting has caused heavy expenses in hiring people, printing papers, reserving institutions for voting, etc. causing frustration amongst people. Through our project, we want to indicate that Internet voting is a very convenient method of the voting system because it saves your time, money, provides a privacy and accuracy, keep a track on non-voters and its available for everyone who is eligible to participate.

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