Sexual exploitation of children refers a form of abuse where people younger than the age of 18 are forced or manipulated into engaging in sexual practices. It can occur in the form of consensual relationship or done in return for financial or other favors (Pickett, et al., 2013). Sexual exploitation of children affects both boys and girls, and devastating effects are inflicted on both genders. However, the current trend indicates that the public seems to put emphasis on the girl child exploitation and to neglect the sexual exploitation of the young boys. Consequently, sexual exploitation of children seems to escalate. Governments are setting legislations to prevent child abuse, in a move to curb the menace. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review is to explore the available literature relating to sexual exploitation of children to establish the scope of the problem, the past, and present trends, the effectiveness of the judiciary in dealing with child exploitation cases and any possible measures to implement.
Messner (2014) in the article Social Institutions, Theory Development, and the Promise of Comparative Criminological Research, explains how the recent research in criminology has inclined towards advancing theory development. In particular recent research is directing focus on the function of the structures of institutions in crime trends, therefore giving it a sociological view (Messner, 2014). The sensitivity with which criminology research is focusing towards the context of institutions in the Asia has made it possible to offer an elabotatoi of influential theories relating to social life (Messner, 2014). These theories include general crime theory; also call the theory of self-control and the routine activity theory. While the routine activity theory states that crime is not affected by unemployment, inequality, and poverty, the general crime theory states that individual self-control is the primary determine to of criminal behavior. Using such theoretical elaborations increase the analytical ability of the sociological theories to explain criminal behavior and activities from an institutional and multilevel context.
The Waco massacre remains to be one of the still bizarre and unexplainable events in American history. It all began when Vernon Howell, later called David Koresh, became head of the Branch Davidians and soon started to implant martyrdom ideas on the followers. In anticipation of an imminent attack from the federal government, Koresh as on the leader of the Texan ranch of a religious cult sort to acquire firearms, an action that resulted in a 50-day siege in which 76 people died including men, children, and women. Koresh had managed to form the cult by convincing his followers that God gave him a premonition from the Biblical teachings that one day the world as they knew would come to an end. Convincingly, one would say Koresh, was a malicious member of the Branch Davidian crowd.
In 2011, a massive earthquake struck Japan causing a devastating tsunami, which affected the country’s economy. The automobile industry suffered the worst loss for several years as a direct result of the tsunami. Nissan is one of the many auto manufacturers that were affected why the disaster and is yet to recover fully. This paper describes how operations management practices will help the company to recover and remain more resilient.
The scientific name for diabetes is diabetes mellitus. This refers to a several disorders that describe a person’s inability to create or use insulin effectively. As a result, people who are sick with diabetes often have high blood sugar, and this could result in physiological damage if left uncontrolled. Individuals with Type I and Type II diabetes both experience a range of symptoms included frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger (Fahien and MacDonald, 2002). When symptoms are left ignored, more harmful symptoms could occur. These include diabetic ketoacidosis, which results in death. These individuals could also experience comas before death.
Ultimately, diabetes occurs because the pancreas is typically responsible for producing insulin. However, diabetic patients are either unable to produce insulin or insulin machinery in the cells are damaged, which means that the insulin produced is not usable by the body (Fahien and MacDonald, 2002). Diabetes could also occur when cells are unable to properly respond to the insulin that is made, either due to mutations in the cells or insulin itself.
Equality and the overall social and economic condition of any country stem from leadership. There is no such thing as a perfect, utopian, government; however, institutions such as a democracy or the republic, as we see in the United States, have come closer than any of their dictatorial ancestors. Our democratic republic has established a system in which leaders and officials are chosen, directly or indirectly, by the people. The ideology a leadership candidate spreads must be appealing to many of the general public in order for to succeed in gaining such a position of power. Be that as it may, throughout history there have existed numerous examples of autocracies; systems of government in which there exists one supreme ruler or a few people with total control. No doubt, the allure of leading peoples (that, invariably, gives way to the fatal attraction of having power), has always corrupted the minds of aspiring leaders throughout our history. Where democracy creates a people’s’ choice, autocracy diminishes its importance and, in turn, its existence. In cases of dictatorship, or autocracy, one may see a running trend of despotism and destruction.
Comparison of the analogy of the cave in the Plato’s Republic to the story of King Solomon in I Kings
Many scholars have considered Plato’s Statesman, which recounts the primary people living in nature without working and talking about with creatures. Plato’s renowned Allegory of the Cave, as entrenched in the Republic’s book VII, offers a comparable structure with the story of King Solomon in I Kings. In the analogy of the cave, a man is liberated from a cave, where him together with his companions had been held captive. The shadows they saw on a divider appeared to them as divinities (Blackburn, 2012). Once liberated from the cave, the man understands that the shadows had been simple projections of articles, going before a wellspring of light. Understanding this, he comprehends that the light of the sun was a definitive wellspring of light.
In this outstanding moral story, the shadows that are cast on the wall illustrate the customary Greek divine beings and the light of the sun are, a similitude of the single god who made the world, much as portrayed in Plato’s Timaeus. The man liberated from the cavern as Plato analyzes to a thinker, is then constrained to backpedal into the cave to free his companions that he may convey them to a higher profound skyline. In any case, he may likewise attempt to reject this troublesome undertaking for dread that he would not be heard by his previous confidants. This purposeful anecdote initially discusses the destiny of Plato’s lord, Socrates, who was sentenced to death by the Athenians on the allegations of preventing the presence from securing the Greek divine beings. Based on Timaeus and the Republic, notwithstanding, Plato demonstrated that Socrates never denied their reality, but instead made them the animals of a solitary and endless element.