Sexual exploitation of children refers a form of abuse where people younger than the age of 18 are forced or manipulated into engaging in sexual practices. It can occur in the form of consensual relationship or done in return for financial or other favors (Pickett, et al., 2013). Sexual exploitation of children affects both boys and girls, and devastating effects are inflicted on both genders. However, the current trend indicates that the public seems to put emphasis on the girl child exploitation and to neglect the sexual exploitation of the young boys. Consequently, sexual exploitation of children seems to escalate. Governments are setting legislations to prevent child abuse, in a move to curb the menace. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review is to explore the available literature relating to sexual exploitation of children to establish the scope of the problem, the past, and present trends, the effectiveness of the judiciary in dealing with child exploitation cases and any possible measures to implement.
Messner (2014) in the article Social Institutions, Theory Development, and the Promise of Comparative Criminological Research, explains how the recent research in criminology has inclined towards advancing theory development. In particular recent research is directing focus on the function of the structures of institutions in crime trends, therefore giving it a sociological view (Messner, 2014). The sensitivity with which criminology research is focusing towards the context of institutions in the Asia has made it possible to offer an elabotatoi of influential theories relating to social life (Messner, 2014). These theories include general crime theory; also call the theory of self-control and the routine activity theory. While the routine activity theory states that crime is not affected by unemployment, inequality, and poverty, the general crime theory states that individual self-control is the primary determine to of criminal behavior. Using such theoretical elaborations increase the analytical ability of the sociological theories to explain criminal behavior and activities from an institutional and multilevel context.
The Waco massacre remains to be one of the still bizarre and unexplainable events in American history. It all began when Vernon Howell, later called David Koresh, became head of the Branch Davidians and soon started to implant martyrdom ideas on the followers. In anticipation of an imminent attack from the federal government, Koresh as on the leader of the Texan ranch of a religious cult sort to acquire firearms, an action that resulted in a 50-day siege in which 76 people died including men, children, and women. Koresh had managed to form the cult by convincing his followers that God gave him a premonition from the Biblical teachings that one day the world as they knew would come to an end. Convincingly, one would say Koresh, was a malicious member of the Branch Davidian crowd.
In 2011, a massive earthquake struck Japan causing a devastating tsunami, which affected the country’s economy. The automobile industry suffered the worst loss for several years as a direct result of the tsunami. Nissan is one of the many auto manufacturers that were affected why the disaster and is yet to recover fully. This paper describes how operations management practices will help the company to recover and remain more resilient.
Comparison of the analogy of the cave in the Plato’s Republic to the story of King Solomon in I Kings
Many scholars have considered Plato’s Statesman, which recounts the primary people living in nature without working and talking about with creatures. Plato’s renowned Allegory of the Cave, as entrenched in the Republic’s book VII, offers a comparable structure with the story of King Solomon in I Kings. In the analogy of the cave, a man is liberated from a cave, where him together with his companions had been held captive. The shadows they saw on a divider appeared to them as divinities (Blackburn, 2012). Once liberated from the cave, the man understands that the shadows had been simple projections of articles, going before a wellspring of light. Understanding this, he comprehends that the light of the sun was a definitive wellspring of light.
In this outstanding moral story, the shadows that are cast on the wall illustrate the customary Greek divine beings and the light of the sun are, a similitude of the single god who made the world, much as portrayed in Plato’s Timaeus. The man liberated from the cavern as Plato analyzes to a thinker, is then constrained to backpedal into the cave to free his companions that he may convey them to a higher profound skyline. In any case, he may likewise attempt to reject this troublesome undertaking for dread that he would not be heard by his previous confidants. This purposeful anecdote initially discusses the destiny of Plato’s lord, Socrates, who was sentenced to death by the Athenians on the allegations of preventing the presence from securing the Greek divine beings. Based on Timaeus and the Republic, notwithstanding, Plato demonstrated that Socrates never denied their reality, but instead made them the animals of a solitary and endless element.
Over the last two decades, conservation easement as an appropriate alternative to ensuring land conservation has gained popularity in the US. While conservation easement transactions are much cheaper than purchasing the real land thus a better alternative to the government and associated agencies, they are also beneficial to the land owner. In recovery of the land value lost, land owners are compensated with handsome taxation incentives by the government, as such, making the easement process a win for both players involved, while also ensuring that the land is conserved (Updike and Mick, 295). Pertinent to the subject matter of this discussion is how the incentivized tax deductions are utilized by land owners. In some instances, land owners with low income are usually incapable of utilizing the offered tax deductions, and may wish to transfer them to people with the capabilities of using them, an undertaking that remains illegal under the federal tax law. However, there exists ‘pass-through’ entities that syndicate tax deductions and dispose them through channels that individuals cannot replicate. The dilemma with syndication of the conservation easement tax deductions is that they ensure involved parties do not pay taxes, an aspect that clouds the functionality of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). In this regard, the scope of this analysis is to analyze the IRS targeting syndicated conservation easement tax deductions. Aspects to be covered include how the targeting is accomplished and the resulting legal penalties for those involved.
The novel “To Kill Mockingbird” by Harper Lee is one of the greatest American literature books in the twentieth century. Lee used the novel to express the feelings and frustration of the black community during the early days of the 1930s, though the book was published in the early 1960s during the civil right movement. The novel is about the lifestyle of two kids Scout and Jem as they grow up in the Maycomb County. The novel illustrates the lifestyle of different families such as Atticus Finch, Cunningham, Bob Ewell and Tom Robinson. In the novel, there are numerous examples of family conformity with societal rules and laws. Lee points that during those days there was set of rules which each family had to conform to in order to live peacefully. However, this essay analyzes the families of Atticus Finch and Cunningham and how they comply with the rules of the land. The essay will further examine consequences for a resistance of those standards.