Fairness Criteria

Appointment issues arise every time a set of similar indivisibles objects ought to be distributed among a certain group of claimants in line with the proportion of their claims. Legislative seat distribution mainly motivates the discussion on fairness criteria in Young’s chapter 3. Young highlights several fairness criteria within the chapter to address the various apportionment problems.

Hamilton and Jefferson’s methods are among the fairness criteria that Young highlights in the chapter. The main idea of fairness in the two methods is that each state should receive its exact portion of seat referred to as quota. A quota of a state represents the fraction that the population of the state represents the entire population, multiplied by the total seat number. In this particular method, the Hamilton method conditions that each state should first be given the integer parts of its quota. In case any seats remain, each should be allocated to the states that have the highest fractional remainders. Jefferson, a cabinet rival to Hamilton, proposed a very different approach to solve apportionment problems.

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Essay About Me

I have always viewed myself as a person I would indeed admire if I were someone else. The claim does not just come as a thought, but from the actual experiences I had since childhood, and how I associate with people and how they view me. For instance, strangers always think I am quiet; friends think I am out-going, closest friends and family think I am the most overly confident, amazingly awesome and crazy individual there is, with a twist of sarcasm in the fun conversations we involve ourselves in. I have always had a scientific mindset as well, as curiosity has always had the best in me. I am always determined to associate with people correctly, depending on how fond I am with the person. Also, as many have noted, the pleasure I have in servicing people so they respond with words such as “Wow, I could not ask for anything more!” is indeed profound. Even if my parents are asked, I am sure they would agree that I was far from the children in folktales, those commonly described as being burdensome mouths to feed. In my childhood, I started offering volunteering picking litter in the neighbourhood, as I saw the importance of having a tidy environment.

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The Chosen

The novel by Chaim Potok revolves around Reuven Malter and Danny Saunders.  The primary focus of this manuscript is to discuss and analyze the age process of both characters and explain issues that they struggled with as well as decisions that they made as they faced critical issues regarding religion, intellectual and politics. Danny and Reuven were aspiring to become rabbis during the Second World War. Reuven is the son of a Yeshiva educator, who is a modernist. On the other hand, Danny is the son of Shoah, who is a leader of Hasidic dynasty. In the process of age, the two helps one another to choose a path of service that is in the best interest of fulfilment of their desires and aims. Danny and Reuven face several challenges as they grow up. First, Danny is expected to inherit his father’s position of becoming Hasidic leader.

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Juno

Juno is a NASA space mission probe that that is currently orbiting planet Jupiter. It is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA. The space shuttle was launched on the 5th of August 2011, from “Cape Canaveral Air Force Station” and reached the polar orbit of Jupiter on the 5th of July 2016, to start a scientific study.

Juno’s main goal is to quantify the composition of Jupiter, magnetic field, polar magnetosphere and gravity field. It will likewise look for clues on the formation of the planet, such as mass dispersion, the state of the core (is it rocky), its profound winds, which can achieve rates of six hundred and eighteen kilometers per hour and the measure of water present within Jupiter’s interior atmosphere.

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Text Summary

The “General Prologue” tells a story about the narrator Geoffrey Chaucer joining a group of pilgrims in April, going to Canterbury, here the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket is located. The poem immediately opened with a discussion of April and why it is perfect for people to go into pilgrimages. According to the first lines, April rains and warm western wind restore people’s liveliness and fertility. It so happens that in England, a famous destination for pilgrimages is the shrine of Thomas Becket. This is why the narrator also went, where he observed all sorts of pilgrims. He provided a lively description of the people journeying to the shrine, talking about their conditions and social degree. He listed all the kinds of people he was with in the pilgrimage, which included a knight and his son, who is described as a squire, a yeoman, a monk, a clerk, a miller, a summoner, and much more. The pilgrims can be categorized as secular pilgrims and religious pilgrims. Each of the pilgrims was described in detail in the poem, where the narrator talked about their background and appearance, including their best traits and certain quirks. The host is described to as a big man. Towards the end, the author described the host proposing a story-telling contest, where each of the people part of the pilgrimage will share two stories as they make the journey to Canterbury then another two when they journey back. The best storyteller gets a free meal. The host described the best story as one with the greatest moral and the most entertaining. They all agreed to the deal and went to sleep. The next day, the drew straws to determine who would tell their stories first. It was the knight. As he starts the storytelling game, the group set sail for Canterbury.

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Opiate Addiction Annotated Bibliography

Opiate Addiction Annotated Bibliography

Lincoln T, Johnson BD, Mccarthy P, Alexander E. Extended-release naltrexone for opioid use

disorder started during or following incarceration. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2017. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2017.04.002. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28479011

The article studies the outcomes of a possible procedure for people incarcerated due to addiction to opioids. In the article, the authors used an experiment whereby 67 jail releases with opioid dependence took part. Out of the 67 participants, 47 received XR-NTX before their release while the other 20 received it after their release. The study outcomes were to be used to assist the people incarcerated due to opioid addictions to lead opioid-free lives. According to the study results, the group initiated to extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) before release from incarceration centers displayed a higher treatment retention rate than the group that began treatment after release.  The study results proofed the assumption that starting treatment before release from incarceration centers benefits opioid addicts. The study also recorded negative and positive benefits including the deaths that occurred during the study period. The aim was to identify the reality of the treatment method and its reliability in treating opioid addicts.

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Sexual Exploitation of Children

Sexual exploitation of children refers a form of abuse where people younger than the age of 18 are forced or manipulated into engaging in sexual practices. It can occur in the form of consensual relationship or done in return for financial or other favors (Pickett, et al., 2013). Sexual exploitation of children affects both boys and girls, and devastating effects are inflicted on both genders. However, the current trend indicates that the public seems to put emphasis on the girl child exploitation and to neglect the sexual exploitation of the young boys. Consequently, sexual exploitation of children seems to escalate. Governments are setting legislations to prevent child abuse, in a move to curb the menace. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review is to explore the available literature relating to sexual exploitation of children to establish the scope of the problem, the past, and present trends, the effectiveness of the judiciary in dealing with child exploitation cases and any possible measures to implement.

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