The Chosen

The novel by Chaim Potok revolves around Reuven Malter and Danny Saunders.  The primary focus of this manuscript is to discuss and analyze the age process of both characters and explain issues that they struggled with as well as decisions that they made as they faced critical issues regarding religion, intellectual and politics. Danny and Reuven were aspiring to become rabbis during the Second World War. Reuven is the son of a Yeshiva educator, who is a modernist. On the other hand, Danny is the son of Shoah, who is a leader of Hasidic dynasty. In the process of age, the two helps one another to choose a path of service that is in the best interest of fulfilment of their desires and aims. Danny and Reuven face several challenges as they grow up. First, Danny is expected to inherit his father’s position of becoming Hasidic leader.

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Juno

Juno is a NASA space mission probe that that is currently orbiting planet Jupiter. It is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA. The space shuttle was launched on the 5th of August 2011, from “Cape Canaveral Air Force Station” and reached the polar orbit of Jupiter on the 5th of July 2016, to start a scientific study.

Juno’s main goal is to quantify the composition of Jupiter, magnetic field, polar magnetosphere and gravity field. It will likewise look for clues on the formation of the planet, such as mass dispersion, the state of the core (is it rocky), its profound winds, which can achieve rates of six hundred and eighteen kilometers per hour and the measure of water present within Jupiter’s interior atmosphere.

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Text Summary

The “General Prologue” tells a story about the narrator Geoffrey Chaucer joining a group of pilgrims in April, going to Canterbury, here the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket is located. The poem immediately opened with a discussion of April and why it is perfect for people to go into pilgrimages. According to the first lines, April rains and warm western wind restore people’s liveliness and fertility. It so happens that in England, a famous destination for pilgrimages is the shrine of Thomas Becket. This is why the narrator also went, where he observed all sorts of pilgrims. He provided a lively description of the people journeying to the shrine, talking about their conditions and social degree. He listed all the kinds of people he was with in the pilgrimage, which included a knight and his son, who is described as a squire, a yeoman, a monk, a clerk, a miller, a summoner, and much more. The pilgrims can be categorized as secular pilgrims and religious pilgrims. Each of the pilgrims was described in detail in the poem, where the narrator talked about their background and appearance, including their best traits and certain quirks. The host is described to as a big man. Towards the end, the author described the host proposing a story-telling contest, where each of the people part of the pilgrimage will share two stories as they make the journey to Canterbury then another two when they journey back. The best storyteller gets a free meal. The host described the best story as one with the greatest moral and the most entertaining. They all agreed to the deal and went to sleep. The next day, the drew straws to determine who would tell their stories first. It was the knight. As he starts the storytelling game, the group set sail for Canterbury.

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Opiate Addiction Annotated Bibliography

Opiate Addiction Annotated Bibliography

Lincoln T, Johnson BD, Mccarthy P, Alexander E. Extended-release naltrexone for opioid use

disorder started during or following incarceration. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2017. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2017.04.002. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28479011

The article studies the outcomes of a possible procedure for people incarcerated due to addiction to opioids. In the article, the authors used an experiment whereby 67 jail releases with opioid dependence took part. Out of the 67 participants, 47 received XR-NTX before their release while the other 20 received it after their release. The study outcomes were to be used to assist the people incarcerated due to opioid addictions to lead opioid-free lives. According to the study results, the group initiated to extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) before release from incarceration centers displayed a higher treatment retention rate than the group that began treatment after release.  The study results proofed the assumption that starting treatment before release from incarceration centers benefits opioid addicts. The study also recorded negative and positive benefits including the deaths that occurred during the study period. The aim was to identify the reality of the treatment method and its reliability in treating opioid addicts.

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Sexual Exploitation of Children

Sexual exploitation of children refers a form of abuse where people younger than the age of 18 are forced or manipulated into engaging in sexual practices. It can occur in the form of consensual relationship or done in return for financial or other favors (Pickett, et al., 2013). Sexual exploitation of children affects both boys and girls, and devastating effects are inflicted on both genders. However, the current trend indicates that the public seems to put emphasis on the girl child exploitation and to neglect the sexual exploitation of the young boys. Consequently, sexual exploitation of children seems to escalate. Governments are setting legislations to prevent child abuse, in a move to curb the menace. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review is to explore the available literature relating to sexual exploitation of children to establish the scope of the problem, the past, and present trends, the effectiveness of the judiciary in dealing with child exploitation cases and any possible measures to implement.

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Sociological Criminology

Messner (2014) in the article Social Institutions, Theory Development, and the Promise of Comparative Criminological Research, explains how the recent research in criminology has inclined towards advancing theory development. In particular recent research is directing focus on the function of the structures of institutions in crime trends, therefore giving it a sociological view (Messner, 2014). The sensitivity with which criminology research is focusing towards the context of institutions in the Asia has made it possible to offer an elabotatoi of influential theories relating to social life (Messner, 2014). These theories include general crime theory; also call the theory of self-control and the routine activity theory. While the routine activity theory states that crime is not affected by unemployment, inequality, and poverty, the general crime theory states that individual self-control is the primary determine to of criminal behavior. Using such theoretical elaborations increase the analytical ability of the sociological theories to explain criminal behavior and activities from an institutional and multilevel context.
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Waco Massacre

The Waco massacre remains to be one of the still bizarre and unexplainable events in American history. It all began when Vernon Howell, later called David Koresh, became head of the Branch Davidians and soon started to implant martyrdom ideas on the followers. In anticipation of an imminent attack from the federal government, Koresh as on the leader of the Texan ranch of a religious cult sort to acquire firearms, an action that resulted in a 50-day siege in which 76 people died including men, children, and women. Koresh had managed to form the cult by convincing his followers that God gave him a premonition from the Biblical teachings that one day the world as they knew would come to an end. Convincingly, one would say Koresh, was a malicious member of the Branch Davidian crowd.

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